Diabetes Circle, a website devoted to keeping people informed about Diabetes

According to the American Diabetes Association, in 2002, of the 18.2 million people in the United slates, 6.3 percent of them have diabetes. Thirteen million of them were diagnosed with the disease, and 5.2 million people have diabetes but do not know they have it. And about a third of the general population who have diabetes are undiagnosed. This goes to show that diabetes shouldn't be ignored. That is why Diabetes Circle exists. This website is devoted to keeping people informed about Diabetes.

What is Diabetes mellitus?

Blue Circle symbol for diabetes
The blue circle is a symbol for diabetes
Scientific Classification of Diabetes mellitus
Chapter IV: Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases
E10: Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
E11: Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
E12: Malnutrition-related diabetes mellitus
E13: Other specified diabetes mellitus
E14: Unspecified diabetes mellitus

Diabetes mellitus, or diabetes, describes the condition where a person has high blood sugar levels either because the body cannot produce enough insulin or because blood cells cannot respond to the insulin produced. Insulin is a hormone that is central to energy regulation and glucose metabolism in the body and causes cells in the liver, muscle and fat tissue to take up glucose from the blood stream. It also stops the use of fat as an energy source. Diabetics often feel thirsty, urinate more, and suffer frequent hunger pangs. Physicians recommend diabetes management that includes a strict diabetes diet regimen with a low glycemic index.

The diabetes term is derived from the Greek word for siphon which means passing through the water, while mellitus comes from the Latin for honeysweet. The Papyrus Ebers, an Egyptian document from 1550 BC, recommends that those with the condition should go on a diet of beer, fruits, cereals and honey, which would eliminate the excessive urination. (Investigators discovered that beer contains Vitamin B-complex).

History of Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus has plagued humanity since the earliest writings of Asia Minor, China, Egypt and India, which refer to boils and infections, excessive thirst, weight loss and the passage of large amounts of honeysweet urine, which often attracts ants and flies, according to the Foods and Nutrition Encyclopedia.

Indian writings from 1550 B.C., suggested that the disease was caused by excessive consumption of foods and beverages. Reports from fifteenth to seventeenth centuries describe that the dishes of wealthy citizens, which consisted of many courses of fatty roast meat, plenty of butter and cream, rich desserts, but almost no green leafy vegetables, according to the encyclopedia.

During 1550 B.C., many cases of diabetes were recorded. To detect diabetes, doctors tasted the sweetness of their patient's urine.

There were two theories formed about diabetes then. One theory suggested to replace the lost sugar in the urine, while another theory suggested to limit carbohydrates to reduce the effects.